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Founded on June 29, 1776 by Lieutenant Jose Joaquin Moraga and Father Francisco Palou,
both members of the Juan Bautista De Anza expedition, the Mission San Franciso de
Asis was dedicated on October 9, 1776, upon receipt of the proper church documents.
The mission was named for St. Francis of Assisi, the founder of the Franciscan Order,
but due to it’s nearness to Arroyo de Nuestra Senora de los Dolores, our Lady of
Sorrows Creek, it was also known as Mission Dolores.
There are 21 missions along the El Camino Real, which was essentially a horse and
mule trail at the time the missions were founded, that travels up the California
coast from San Diego to San Francisco. The missions are among California’s oldest
and most visited historic monuments. The missions are situated approximately 30 miles
apart, a concept credited to Father Lasuen in 1798, who felt their needed to be rest
stops along the trail where travelers could find safe lodging. Legend has it that
the padres sprinkled the seeds of a flower used as a culinary spice, along the trail,
in order to mark the trail, photo to the right.
Play our 'Hangman Game' below and see if you can guess the name of the flower seeds
dropped to mark the El Camino Real mission trail. You have 6 lifelines to try and
spell the name of the flower.
Featuring the work of Arizona artist Ettore “Ted” DeGrazia, this 10-acre historic
district in the foothills of Tucson’s Santa Catalina Mountains is a Legendary Landmark
of Art & Architecture, and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.